Table of Contents
Watson’s hypothesis suggests that human behavior is a result of conditioned responses to stimuli.
Stage 1: Assessment
Stage 2: Diagnosis
Step Three: Preparation
Step 4: Execution
Stage 5: Assessment
Nursing theory is the framework for understanding the various aspects of nursing. It groups the theories into distinct categories. Today’s nursing is influenced by nursing theories. They improve learning, research and nursing care. This thesis compares and contrasts the Orem theory and Watson’s theory about human care. Orem theory and Watson theory are called grand theories. These theories are made up of concepts and perceptions, which represent multifaceted phenomena (George 1990). They are the most advanced theoretical levels and cover the vast majority of concerns. Although they don’t provide specific guidance for nursing intercessions development, these theories can be used to build broad and dynamic observations. You can find many wonderful theories such as the humanistic, Roy’s Adaptation model for nursing, Parse’s Human getting too to be Theory and Erickson’s Role and Modeling.
Watson theory is a holistic approach to care that emphasizes the relationship between caregivers and patients. Watson emphasized the importance of caring for human beings. Watson’s theory emphasized caring as the ethical and moral ideal of nursing. Watson asserts that human care preserves dignity and integrity of human beings. Watson advances the theory of patient care by recognising and appreciating patients as individuals with mind and soul. Watsons also believes that trust is created between nurses and patients when they meet face-to-face. Watson’s theory focuses on healing, spiritual, and human care, rather than sickness, assessment and diagnosis. Watson believed in philosophy and the science of care was broken down into four major concepts: environment and health, nursing, and human being. Theory of Orem. Orem’s theory can be divided into theory of selfcare, theory about self-care deficit, or theory of nursing. Orem explained that all human beings have the ability to maintain and adapt to their personal health and well-being throughout life (Orem & Taylor 1986). Theory of self care deficit, the second theory, states that every person has a survival need and is capable of achieving this for his or her health and wellbeing. A person is incapable of meeting their survival needs. This is called self-care deficit. Orem’s third theory suggests that self-care theory and self care deficit must be connected. Orem provided five methods nurses can use to help their patients enrich self-care.
A diagram of how these theories are combined and implemented
Nursing theory is used to plan and implement the plans. This is the same logic that nurses use to ensure quality patient care. The arrangement is broken down into five distinct developments:
Stage 1: Assessment
This is where the nurse gathers the most basic information about the patient. This stage includes observation of the patient’s signs and symptoms. This is the process of collecting raw data about the patient.
Stage 2: Diagnosis
This is when nurses make critical judgements and use their nursing judgment to assess the potential and actual health problems of patients. It will list the specific problems of the patient and potential consequences that could result from them having a health problem in the future.
Step 3: Arranging
This is where the nurse and the patient collaborate to determine the best course of action and plan for healing.
Step 4: Putting it into Action
This is where the planning and execution are completed. Every patient is given an individual plan and implementation. The nurse is responsible for monitoring the patient and assessing any changes in their condition after the implementation of the plan. She also serves as a nurse and assists with education, counseling, advocacy, and follow-up.
Stage 5: Assessment
It is possible to evaluate the condition of a patient and determine whether it is improving, or worsening. Any plans that are not completed are terminated. Those that aren’t met can be recycled back to nursing.
Watson’s theory is similar to Orem’s. Both theories focus on the patient. Watson’s theory suggests that nursing should be based on human caring. Nursing professionals participate in the holistic treatment of patients in a holistic way in order to protect, enhance and preserve humanity. A nurse helps patients find peace and balance in the midst of pain and ailment. Orem’
The theory relates the patient to the nursing staff and their support system. Orem describes care as supportive-educative system. In this case, nurses aid patients in making decisions and help them to take the necessary steps to provide the daily care they need.
Nursing’s role is to educate and support patients in reaching their maximum goal. They also need to be able to offer self-care and support that leads to self-control, self knowledge and healing. Both theories claim that the nurse provided the care and the patient was the recipient. These theories include spiritual and holistic nursing. Both theories emphasize holistic healing and not the curing of diseases. The Holistic Nursing theory of both theories emphasizes the connection between mind, spirit, and body (Baldacchino & Draper 2001). Orems and Watsons said that all three are responsible for creating the individual. Nurses must pay attention to these three areas in order to heal the person. Spiritual nursing is a focus on religion, faith, and hope as they are the distinctive parts that make up the human community. This allows each individual to assess their own experience.
The Watson theory is not clear. He used terms such as soul, mind, and spirit to describe caring. These terms are vague and subjective to each individual and are therefore difficult to apply. Orem’s perception was not clear and could be influenced by bias.
Watson theory is not quantifiable. Watson stated that nurses have a duty to promote faith and hope in patients. The theory becomes immeasurable, abstracted, and biased (Orem & Taylor, 1986). On the Orems’, however, the theory can be measured. It is a combination of qualitative and quantitative research methods. Orem’s theory gave rise to many evidence-based nursing practices. Watson’s theory regarding caring is complex. Many of the ideas that Watson proposes raise philosophical questions about caring and morality. Watson’s theory encompasses science and art as well as spiritual and humanities. These are both dynamic and one-sided recognitions. Orem’s hypothesis is composed and organized into three categories: self-mind and self-mind shortfall. This hypothesis is fundamental and functional.